Jackson Pollock was an abstract expressionist. He virtually invented it. Flinging household paint, mixed with sand and broken glass onto a canvas stretched over the floor. To paint he used sticks and syringes or just a bucket. TIME magazine dubbed him, Jack the Dripper.
He was made famous by a German-born photographer, Hans Namuth who pictured and filmed his frenzied painting style. Namuth said:
"His movements, slow at first, gradually became faster and more dance like as he flung black, white and rust colored paint onto the canvas. Finally he said, it's finished!"
Pollock fought alcoholism all his life. He finally died in a drink related car crash, aged 44.
Hans Namuth died in a separate car crash in 1990.